An introduction to biblical Hebrew which includes Hebrew word formation, elementary grammar, the building of basic vocabulary and the morphology of the regular verb. All Master of Divinity students without prior Hebrew are required to complete Hebrew I.

This course surveys of the theology, practice, and life of Lutheran individuals and church bodies in North America from their 17th-century beginnings to the present time. It introduces the student to the careers and influence of American Lutheran leaders including Henry Muhlenberg, Samuel Schmucker, Charles Porterfield Krauth, C. F. W. Walther and Franz Pieper; traces the institutional and liturgical development of American Lutheranism; and provides an opportunity to investigate and assess the various theologies represented and promulgated by the Lutheran churches of America.  The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod receives special emphasis, particularly in the second half of the course.